College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO)

The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO) regulates the practice of medicine in Ontario in the interest of the public. All physicians must be members of the CPSO in order to practice medicine in Ontario, unlike the CMA or OMA which function more as voluntary advocacy groups. The CPSO sets policies for physicians to follow and maintains high standards of medical practice through a system of peer review and remediation. It also investigations complaints against physicians by patients and, where appropriate, takes disciplinary action. The main functions of the college as outlined on the CPSO website are summarized below:

  1. Registration
  2. Education
  3. Investigations
  4. Discipline
  5. Quality assurance (which includes physician assessment)
  6. Patient Relations

For a detailed look at CPSO Policies including Conflict of Interest, Drugs and Prescribing Group of Policies, Professional Responsibilities in Undergraduate and Postgraduate Medical Education, Professional Misconduct and many others, refer to the CPSO site below:

Ontario College of Family Physicians (OCFP)

The Ontario College of Family Physicians (OCFP) is a provincial branch of the national College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC). The OCFP, like its national counterpart, is a voluntary non-profit organization dedicated to both undergraduate and postgraduate medical education and the continuing medical education of physicians. As a provincial organization, the OCFP provides a forum for family physicians to voice their ideas and concerns about health care issues in Ontario. Each province in Canada has its own branch of the CFPC. For further information about the Ontario College of Family Physicians visit their website:

Ontario Medical Association (OMA)

The Ontario Medical Association (OMA) is a voluntary nonprofit organization that was founded in 1880 to represent Ontario physicians and the communities they serve. The organization addresses the political, clinical, and economic interests of Ontario’s medical profession and is open to medical students, residents and physicians on a membership basis. In terms of providing a voice to the medical community, the OMA proposes health policies and, once approved by the OMA Board of Directors, submits them to the government for approval. In addition, the organization provides insurance and legal services, a physician health program, and information on locum placements for physicians. The OMA mission statement briefly summarizes the goals of the organization:

  1. Represent and serve Ontario physicians.
  2. Provide leadership for an accessible, quality health-care system.
  3. Advocate for the health of Ontarians.

For further information about the Ontario Medical Association, visit their website:

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Last updated: 2015.09.08