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Basic Demographics & Vital Statistics for Canada   To Population Health Theme page

1. Core Knowledge:

Population: 33,476,688 (2011 Census)

 

Our population is aging:
This graph shows the rising median age over the past 40 years.
  Rising median age in Canada, 1968 to 2006.

2. Nice to Know:

Population Pyramids: These diagrams show the age-structure of the population.

Population Pyramid

And here is the change toward a more rectangular shape since 1956:

Changing population structure of Canada 1956-2056

Statistics Canada has some neat animated population pyramids that show how the age structure of the population has changed over time. Here is the one for Canada from 1901 to 2001 (note: you can stop & re-start the animation).  

Here is a comparison of the population pyramids for Canadian First Nations and the overall Canadian population (both sexes combined):

Comparison of population pyramids for Canada and for First Nations.

 

 


3. Additional Information:

Age structure (2011):
    0-14 years: 16.7%
    15-64 years: 68.5%
    65 years and over: 14.8%

Sex ratio:
   at birth: 1.06 males / female
   under 15 years: 1.05 males / female
   15-64 years: 1.02 males / female
   65 years and over: 0.78 males / female

Population growth rate: 0.817% (2009 est.; down from 1.09% in 1998)

Total fertility rate: 1.58 children born / woman

Birth rate: 10.28 births / 1,000 population (2009 est.; down from 12.12 births / 1,000 population in 1998)

Births:  In Canada, the number of births each year considerably exceeds deaths.  In 1998-99 there were 340,891 births and 222,425 deaths.

Life expectancy at birth:
   total population: 81.23 years (up from 79.16 in 1998)
   males: 78.69 years
   females: 83.91 years (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 5.04 deaths / 1,000 live births (down from 5.59 in 1998)

Death rate: 7.61 deaths / 1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate: 5.63 migrants / 1,000 population (2009 est.; down from 6.03 in 1998)

Ethnic group origins: British Isles 28%, French 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other (mostly Asian) 6%; mixed background 26%. (Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

Religions: Roman Catholic 42.6%, United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%; other & unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 Census)

Provincial Populations (as of July 1, 2003)
   Newfoundland  519,570;  PEI  137,781;  Nova Scotia  936,025; 
   New Brunswick  750,594;  Quebec  7,487,169;  Ontario  12,238,300; 
   Manitoba  1,162,776;  Saskatchewan  994,843;  Alberta  3,153,723;  BC  4,146,580
   Yukon  31,060;  NWT  41,872;  Nunavut  29,384

 

Links to: Birth rates in Canada
                Common definitions in  Vital Statistics 
                Perinatal health
                Census information for the Ottawa region
                The evolving world population figures in real time from "Worldometers"
                Report from the IMF on the impact of the aging of world populations