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The 1984 Canada Health Act   Return to Health Care Theme page

The five principles of the Canada Health Act form the cornerstone of the Canadian health care system.  The five principles are:

  1. Universality: all eligible residents are entitled to public health insurance coverage on uniform terms and conditions;

  2. Portability: coverage for insured services must be maintained when an insured person moves or travels within Canada or travels outside the country;

  3. Public administration: the health insurance plan of a province or territory must be administered on a non-profit basis by a public authority;

  4. Accessibility: reasonable access by insured persons to medically necessary hospital and physician services must not be impeded by financial or other barriers, and

  5. Comprehensiveness: all medically necessary services provided by hospitals and doctors must be insured.
    (Mnemonic = UPPAC)

Brief history of the development of the act:

Links:  The Canada Health Act Annual Report

Updated March 22, 2011